Introduction: Paraphrasing and quotes are very important in writing. Paraphrasing shows that you understand what you are reading and are able to put it in your own words. Quotes are used when something said by someone else is used in your writing. You have to be able to give credit to the people or places that you got them from so that you don't plagiarize. In this page, you will learn how to paraphrase, how to use quotes correctly, what plagiarism is and how not to do it.


  • Paraphrasing is putting something you read from a source into your own words. You must also give credit to the original source. The material that is being paraphrased is most likely going to be shorter than the original.


    How to use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries:
    Practice summarizing the following essay, using paraphrases and quotations as you go. It might be helpful to follow these steps:

  • · Read the entire text, noting the key points and main ideas.
  • · Summarize in your own words what the single main idea of the essay is.
  • · Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay.
Consider any words, phrases, or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly. You can find more information at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/01/





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    • Real Version:
      There are several ways to integrate quotations into your text. Often, a short quotation works well when integrated into a sentence. Longer quotations can stand alone. Remember that quoting should be done only sparingly; be sure that you have a good reason to include a direct quotation when you decide to do so. You'll find guidelines for citing sources and punctuating citations at our documentation guide pages.
      PARAPHRASED VERSION:
      There are lots of ways to puts quotes into your own words. Short quotations work well when put into the sentence. Longer quotes can be used by themselves. If you decide to use a quote that is direct be sure to have good reasoning and do so in small numbers. Guidelines for citing and punctuating citations at the documentation guide pages on our website.










6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing

  • 1. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning.
  • 2. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card.
  • 3. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
  • 4. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form.
  • 5. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source.
  • 6. Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper.
  • For more information you can visit the website: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/02/
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Why do we paraphrase?
We paraphrase so that we are not using another person’s work. We are using our own knowledge and our comprehension of the text we are using.

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Using Quotes in Writings


  • · Quotes should be consistent with the rest of your writing and not just pop up out of thin air.
  • · Don’t change a quote, but if it is not grammatically correct and does not flow with your own words, then change what you have to and put brackets around the things that you change.
  • · Quotes should only be used in writing if you think that they have a powerful meaning or are considered to be memorable.
  • · Use quotes that involve statistics and personal statements for the future to strengthen your argument.
  • · Never drop a quote in your writing. Always lead into it by saying something that can lead up to the quote.
  • · Only use certain parts of a quote so your reader doesn’t get bored and the quote is used in a more effective way.
  • · You can use ellipses (. . .) to indicate that you have taken out part of the quote.
  • · When you use quotes in writing, start a new line and indent.
  • · Make sure you use right punctuation before quotes.
  • · Make sure that you site the quote because you want to give credit to the author of the quote.

Why do we use quotes?
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We use quotes to show what people say. We might need to use important information stated by someone and might need it in her own words. Sometimes the original way of saying something is the best way to say it also.





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  • Plagiarism
  • The official definition of plagiarism from the Merriam-Webster Online dictionary is:
  • 1. to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • 2. to use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • 3. to commit literary theft
  • 4. to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
  • Things that are considered plagiarism:
  • 1. turning words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • 2. failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
  • 3. giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
  • 4. changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
  • 5. copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)
  • 6. Turning in someone else's work as your own
  • 7. copying
  • The information above came from www.plagiarism.org. For more information on plagiarism follow the link listed.

Why should you avoid plagiarism?
You shouldn’t plagiarize because it is taking away someone else’s credit. It is saying you did the work when really you just copied something already done. Credit should always be given to those who did the work.




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